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Core Standards for guardians
of separated children in Europe


State Authorities

State Authorities text


State Authorities


Overview table

This overview table is based on the EU Reference tool as developed in the CONNECT Project, linked to the Core Standards for guardians of separated children in Europe.



Rights CRC Schengen Borders Code (Regulation 562/2006) Recast Reception Conditions Directive (Directive 2013/33/EU) Recast Asylum Procedures Directive (Directive 2013/32/EU) Recast Qualification Directive (Directive 2011/95/EU) Recast Dublin Regulation (Regulation 604/2013) Recast Eurodac Regulation (Regulation 603/2013) Anti-Trafficking Directive (Directive 2011/36/EU) Directive on Residence permits for victims of human trafficking
(Directive 2004/81/EC)
Family Reunification Directive (Directive 2003/86/EC) Return Directive (Directive 2008/115/EC) Link to Core Standards
Mention of the CRC X Preamble (9) (18) Preamble (33) Preamble (18) Preamble (13) Art. 3.5 Preamble (8), (22) X X Preamble (22) Every Core Standard refers to CRC articles
I.Definitions
Minor/Child Art. 1 X Art. 2(d) Art. 2(l) Art. 2(k) Art. 2(i) X Art. 2.6 X Embedded in Art. 2(f) X 1, 6, 9
II.General principles X X
Non-discrimination Art. 2 Art. 6.2 Preamble (8) X Preamble (17) X X X Preamble (7) Preamble (5) Preamble (21) 3
Best Interest (BI) Art. 3.1 X Preamble (9), (22), Arts 2(j), 11.2, 23, 24 Preamble (33), Arts 2(n) 25.1(a), 25.6 Preamble (18), (19), (27), (38), Arts 20.5, 31.4-.5 Preamble (13), (16), (24), (35), Arts 2(k), 6, 8, 20.3 Preamble (35) Preamble (8), (22), (23), Arts 13, 16.2 Art. 10(a) Art. 5.5 Preamble (22), Arts 5(a), 10.1, 17.5 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10
Right to be heard/ Right to participation
(Right to information)
Art. 12 X Arts 5, 9.4, 10.5 (in relation to detention) Preamble (22), Arts 8.1, 12.1(a), 19, 21 (general provisions), 25.4 Art. 22 "Art. 4;
Preamble (4), Annex XI Implementing Regulation 118/2004"
X Art. 11 Art. 5 Art. 5.4 Arts 7.1, 12 1, 2, 7, 8
Right to be heard/ Right to participation (Interview) Art. 12 X Art. 23.2 Art. 34.1 Preamble (18) Art. 5 X Art. 15 X Art. 5.2 X 1, 2, 7, 8
III.Civil rights and freedoms
Identification as child/ unaccompanied child X X Arts 21, 22 Preamble (22), Art. 25.5 X X X Preamble (23) Art. 10(c) X X 1,2, 3
Registration and documentation Arts 7, 8 X Art. 6 X Art. 25 (travel documents) X X X X Art. 5.2 X
IV.Family environment and alternative care
Restoring family links Arts 10, 22.2 X Art. 24.3 X Art. 31.5 "Arts 6.4, 8;
Art. 1(7), Annex II LIST A(I)1, LIST B(I)1 Implementing Regulation 118/2004"
X X Art. 10(c) Preamble (9), (12) ; Arts 4, 10.3 Arts 5, 10.2 1, 2, 3, 5, 6
Periodic review of placement and treatment Arts 25 X X X X X X X X X X 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Rehabilitation and reintegration of victims of violence Arts 19, 39 X Art 23.4 X Art. 30.2 X X Preamble (18), (22) Arts 6.1, 7, 9 X X 3, 6, 8, 10
Assistance to victims of trafficking/violence Arts 19, 39 X Arts 23.4, 25.1 X Art. 30.2 X X Arts 13, 14, 17 Arts 6.1, 7, 9 X X 3, 6, 8, 10
Reception staff specific training X X Arts 18.7, 24.4, 25.2 X Art. 31.6 X X Preamble (25) X X X 10
V. Basic health and welfare
Access to health services Art. 24 X Art. 19 X Preamble (40), (46), Art. 30 Art. 31.2(a) X Art. 11.5 Arts 7, 9 X Art. 14.1(b) 1, 6
Accommodation Art. 27.1-.3 X Arts 21, 22, 24.2 X Arts 31.3, 32 X X Art. 11.5 Arts 7, 9 X X 1, 5, 6
Rights of disabled children Art. 23 X Arts 21, 22 Preamble (29) Arts 20.3, 30.2 Art. 32.1 X Art. 11.7 X X Art. 14.1(d)
Right to social security Art. 26 X X X Preamble (45), Art. 29 X X X X X X
Right to adequate standard of living/material support Art. 27.1-.3 X Arts 17, 18, 20, 23.1 X Preamble (45) X X Art. 11.5 Arts 7, 9 X Art. 10.2 1, 4, 5, 6
VI. Education, leisure and cultural activities
Right to education Art. 28 X Art. 14 X Art. 27.1 X X Art. 14.1 Art. 10(b) X Arts 14.1 1, 6
Right to rest, play and participate in artistic and culturale activities Art. 31 X Arts 11.2, 23.3 X X X X X X X Art. 17.3 1
VII. Special protection measures
Guardianship/ Representation Arts 18.1, 20 X Art. 24.1 Art. 25 Art. 31 "Art. 6;
Art. 1(7) Implementing Regulation 118/2004"
X Preamble (23), (24), Art. 16.3 Art. 10(c) X Art. 10.1 All 10 Core Standards
Legal information, assistance and representation Arts 37(d), 40.2(ii) X Arts 9.6, 26.2-.3-.6 Arts 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 25.4 X Arts 26.2, 27 X Art. 15.2 Arts 10(c), 7.4 X Art. 13.3-.4 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Access to protection procedures X X X Art. 7.3-.4 X Arts 3, 6, 8 X Arts 11.5-.6, 12.3 X X X 3, 4
Durable solutions X X X X Arts 31.3, 32, 34, 35 X X Preamble (23), Arts 14, 16.2 X X Arts 5, 10 1, 2, 6
Child sensitive procedural measures Arts 3, 12, 19 Art. 19, ANNEX VII (6.) X X X X X Arts 8, 15.3, 12.3 Art. 10(a) Art. 5.5 X 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8
Safeguards on detention Art. 37 X Arts 9.5-.6, 11.2-.3 Arts 8.1, 26 X Art. 28.4 X X X X Art. 17 3, 4, 5, 9
Appeal (against negative decisions) Art. 26 X Art. 12.1(f) X Art. 27 (against transfer decision) X X X X Art. 18 Art. 13 2, 4, 5
Data protection X X Arts 18.7, 24.3-.4, 25.2 Preamble (52), Arts 30, 48 Arts 31.5, 37 "Preamble (26), Arts 34, 40;
Preamble (4) Implementing Regulation 118/2004"
Arts 16, 23 Preamble (33) Art. 7.2 X X 10
VIII. General measures of implementation (GMI)
Implementation obligations Art. 4 X Art. 31.1 Art. 51 Art. 39 X X Art. 22 Art. 17 Art. 20 Art. 20
Actors training and qualifications X Arts 15, 16.4 Schengen Borders Code Art. 29.1 Preamble (16), (26), Arts 4.3, 6.1, 14.1, 25.3, 34.2 Arts 31.6, 37 Arts 6.4, 35.3 X Preamble (15), (25), Arts 9.3, 15.3, 18.3 X X X All 10 Core Standards, with specific attention to Core Standard 10
Respect for existing higher standards Art. 41 X Preamble (28), Art. 4 Preamble (14), Art. 5 Art. 3 X X X Art. 4 Art. 3.4-.5 Art. 4
Data collection and reporting X X Art. 30 Art. 50 Art. 38 Art. 46 Art. 40 Art. 19 Art. 16 Art. 19 Art. 19 10
Monitoring and review X X Preamble (30), Arts 28, 30 Preamble (55), Art. 50 Art. 38 Preamble (28), Art. 46 Art. 40 Art. 23 X Art. 19 Art. 19 10
Complaints X X X X X X Art. 29 X X X X 10
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Closing a Protection Gap - coordinated by Defence for Children The Netherlands - PO BOX 11103 - 2301 EC - Leiden - www.defenceforchildren.nl